Diversity, Challenges and Possibilities
SECTION B - CHILDREN'S DEVELOPING SKILLS AND THE EARLY CHILDHOOD CURRICULUM
SECTION B CHILDREN’S DEVELOPING SKILLS AND THE EARLY CHILDHOOD CURRICULUM 165 The Development of Speech of Estonian Children Aged 2–4 Years and Its Connections with Environmental Factors where the Child is Growing Up Tiiu Tammemäe Tallinn University, Estonia During the preschool years children develop fast. Cognitive development during this period, for instance, is closely related to speech and language development. During this period, intellectual development undergoes important changes and these become expressed in speech and language development. Early diagnosis of speech and language development disorders and the provision of speech therapy are important considerations of overall child growth and development. The importance of an individual’s genetic makeup and the environment s/he inhabits, can have on child development has been evaluated differently. In general, these assessments fall between 20–60% on the environment (Rowe, Ja- cobson, & Van den Oord, 1999). This difference is probably related to the variations in children’s home environments. The more attention we pay to the qualities of the home environment, the more we are able to support children’s development. Thus, one can say that child rearing environments play an impor- tant part in how and to what extent individual intelligence is manifested (Schneider & Bullock, 2008). The environment can be supporting, as well as re- straining. According to those such as Gottfried, Gottfried, Bathurst, and Guerin (1994, 167) and Buckley (2003) home environments play a very important role in children’s intellectual development and development of other skills.. When knowing the factors that influence children’s speech and...
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