A History of Slovenia
Edited By Oto Luthar
FROM A SOCIALIST REPUBLIC TO AN INDEPENDENT STATE 443
443 FROM A SOCIALIST REPUbLIC TO AN INDEPENDENT STATE SLOVENIA AFTER THE LIBERATION Elections to Local National Liberation Committees took place as early as May– August 1945, firstly in the Littoral and finally in fourteen districts around Lju- bljana. Their principal aim was to legitimize the OF’s determinations, the first phase of which ended in mid-July with the OF’s First Congress in Ljubljana. As so often before, Kardelj and Kidrič were the most prominent speakers. Kardelj talked about the OF’s historical role and its new tasks, and also about the opponents to the new order, and to some extent even foreshadowed the Home Guards’ fate. Kidrič focused on the OF’s attitude towards individual parties and the clergy, as well as the development that “transformed the OF from a coalition to a united movement.” Further political developments were profoundly influenced by the political climate across the entire “Democratic Federative Yugoslavia,” which acquired its first “provisional people’s assembly” at the third AVNOJ Council on August 10, 1944, in Belgrade. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE “NEW ORDER” One of the first major laws passed by the new authorities was the Law on Agrarian Reform and Colonization. The document, issued by the SNOS Presi- dency in December, took away most Church land holdings and those of non- farmers (everything over 3 hectars), liquidated large feudal estates, and expro- priated all landed property from German citizens and “enemies of the state.” A considerable share of confiscated land was distributed among 10,000-odd “persons with agrarian interests...
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