A Theoretical and Empirical Approach to the Fuzzy Concept of Creativity: Richard Florida’s Arguments Reconsidered
Part IV.A final overview
Part IV. A ﬁnal overview 8. Conclusions In this thesis the impact of the creative sector on employment growth in German regions from 1977 to 2004 is investigated. This sector was highly dynamic in the last decades and is currently much debated in economic research. It is furthermore one of the recent important topics in regional and city planning. However, the work has been speciﬁcally concerned with the creative sector’s impact on total employment growth and group speciﬁc employment growth, i.e. the growth of employment in the creative sector. The assumption is that employment pooling in the creative sector might result in the further accumulation of employment in the creative sector. This assumption proves to be a self-reinforcing process. Before the empirical investigation into this research question, I introduced and developed a model of the creative city based on Suedekum (2006, 2008). This model was to explain the above employment eﬀect on the creative sector, including the circular eﬀect of cultural amenities (i.e. centripetal forces). This model of the creative city helps to interpret the direction and logic of the empirical results. However, the main result of this research is the following: I ﬁnd robust evidence for the positive inﬂuence of the creative sector that fosters the regional growth rate of total employment. The presence of large shares of creative professionals lead to an increase in total employment, but reduce the growth rate of the same employment group. The growth in total employment overwhelms the...
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