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Impact of Land Reform Strategies on Rural Poverty in the Commonwealth of Independent States

Comparison between Georgia and Moldova

Series:

Kerstin Kötschau

This study aimed at analysing the impact of two different land reform strategies on rural poverty in CIS countries, particularly in Georgia and Moldova. While Georgia distributed agricultural land parcels directly to the population at the beginning of the 1990ies, Moldova transferred land via paper shares for undemarcated land parcels. This study is based on household data, which were collected during household surveys in Georgia and Moldova in 2007 and 2008. The data had been used in order to analyse the impact of land reform on the endowment with land and other capital, the use of capital and the access to markets and credits as well as the importance of agricultural employment for rural households. A logit analysis had been run in order to detect the determinants of poverty.

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Appendix 1: GDP per capita in CIS 1990-2007 (in constant 2000 US $) ..... 187 Appendix 2: Rural and urban HCI in the CIS 1998-2003 ............................ 187 (based on $2.15 (PPP)) ................................................................... Appendix 3: Average yield of annual crops according to farm type in Georgia .................................................................................. 188 Appendix 4: Sown area of annual crops according to farm type in Moldova ................................................................................ 188 Appendix 5: Sown area to industrial crops by farm type in Moldova .......... 189 Appendix 6: Average yield of annual crops by to farm type in Moldova ..... 190 Appendix 7: Village characteristics ............................................................... 191 Appendix 8: Test for pairwise comparison (Median Test) ............................ 195 Appendix 9: Reasons for not registering land (in number of households) .... 199 Appendix 10: To whom did you lease your land? (number of households) ... 199 Appendix 11: Reasons for renting out agricultural land (in % of House- holds) ......................................................................................... 199 Appendix 12: Reasons for land sales (in number of answers) ........................ 200 Appendix 13: Correlation between education and age of household head .... 200 Appendix 14: Reasons for not leasing out land (in number of households) ... 203 Appendix 15: Output markets ......................................................................... 203 Appendix 16: Reasons for not selling agricultural products ........................... 204 Appendix 17: Reasons for fallow land ............................................................ 204 Appendix 18: Plant production and produce use ............................................. 205 Appendix 19: Reasons for not applying pesticides ........................................ 207 Appendix 20: Reasons for not irrigating (in number of households) .............. 207 Appendix 21: Income distribution by villages (in % of total income) ............ 208 Appendix 22: Variables for the Logit model - determinants of poverty ......... 210

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