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Impact of Land Reform Strategies on Rural Poverty in the Commonwealth of Independent States

Comparison between Georgia and Moldova

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Kerstin Kötschau

This study aimed at analysing the impact of two different land reform strategies on rural poverty in CIS countries, particularly in Georgia and Moldova. While Georgia distributed agricultural land parcels directly to the population at the beginning of the 1990ies, Moldova transferred land via paper shares for undemarcated land parcels. This study is based on household data, which were collected during household surveys in Georgia and Moldova in 2007 and 2008. The data had been used in order to analyse the impact of land reform on the endowment with land and other capital, the use of capital and the access to markets and credits as well as the importance of agricultural employment for rural households. A logit analysis had been run in order to detect the determinants of poverty.

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List of Abbreviations

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ALP Agricultural Labour Productivity APLR Association for Protection of Land Owners Rights (Georgia) bn Billion BC Branch Cadastral Offices CEE Central and East European Countries CIS Commonwealth of Independent States CPI Consumer Price Index EBRD European Bank of Reconstruction and Development ECA Europe and Central Asia FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations GAO Gross Agricultural Output GDP Gross Domestic Product GEL Georgian Lari ha Hectare HCI Head Count Index HDR Human Development Report HH Household IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development IMF International Monetary Fund LLC Limited Liability Company MDL Moldavian LEI NLP National Land Programme OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PD poverty gap PPMU Poverty and Policy Monitoring Unit PPP Purchasing Power Parity PS Poverty Severity SWB Subjective Well-Being UNDP United Nations Development Programme US United States TCO Territorial Cadastral Offices UN United Nations USAID United States Agency for International Development USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics WDR World Development Report

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