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Impact of Land Reform Strategies on Rural Poverty in the Commonwealth of Independent States

Comparison between Georgia and Moldova

Series:

Kerstin Kötschau

This study aimed at analysing the impact of two different land reform strategies on rural poverty in CIS countries, particularly in Georgia and Moldova. While Georgia distributed agricultural land parcels directly to the population at the beginning of the 1990ies, Moldova transferred land via paper shares for undemarcated land parcels. This study is based on household data, which were collected during household surveys in Georgia and Moldova in 2007 and 2008. The data had been used in order to analyse the impact of land reform on the endowment with land and other capital, the use of capital and the access to markets and credits as well as the importance of agricultural employment for rural households. A logit analysis had been run in order to detect the determinants of poverty.

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Part III: Case Study

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The Part III addresses the background and results of the case study. It starts with the study design and explains the selection of the countries Georgia and Moldo- va and the project regions, the preparation and conduction of the household sur- veys, and makes an excursion in the field of interviewer falsification. The rural transition in both countries will be described focussing on the implementation of the land reform strategies and their outcomes. In a next step the results of the household survey will be presented, following the concept of welfare provided by HEMMER and WILHELM (2000). Differences in the endowment with land among the villages and between the countries will analysed as well as the in- come sources of the households. A Logit analysis identifies the poverty determi- nants for the selected villages and addresses the question about the impact of land reform related parameters. 5. Study Design This chapter provides information about the methodological approach. It begins with an explanation of the selection of the two countries Georgia and Moldova. It continues with the description of the questionnaire and the organisation of the household surveys. The chapter ends with the description of the data processing including the calculation of additional variables and an overview of the non- parametrical tests conducted in this study. 5.1 Country Selection At the beginning of the analysis two countries had been selected, which provide the basis of the analysis. Since the aim of the study is the comparison of differ- ent land reform...

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