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Impact of Land Reform Strategies on Rural Poverty in the Commonwealth of Independent States

Comparison between Georgia and Moldova

Series:

Kerstin Kötschau

This study aimed at analysing the impact of two different land reform strategies on rural poverty in CIS countries, particularly in Georgia and Moldova. While Georgia distributed agricultural land parcels directly to the population at the beginning of the 1990ies, Moldova transferred land via paper shares for undemarcated land parcels. This study is based on household data, which were collected during household surveys in Georgia and Moldova in 2007 and 2008. The data had been used in order to analyse the impact of land reform on the endowment with land and other capital, the use of capital and the access to markets and credits as well as the importance of agricultural employment for rural households. A logit analysis had been run in order to detect the determinants of poverty.

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11. Appendix

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Appendix 1: GDP per capita in CIS 1990-2007 (in constant 2000 US $) 1990 1995 2000 2005 2007 Russian Federation 2,602 1,618 1,775 2,444 2,866 Kazakhstan 1,612 1,023 1,229 1,978 2,332 Belarus 1,410 920 1,273 1,871 2,252 Azerbaijan 1,251 488 655 1,183 1,946 Turkmenistan 1,042 569 645 1,297 1,572 Armenia 795 462 621 1,110 1,425 Georgia 1,572 478 678 998 1,219 Ukraine 1,387 670 636 960 1,126 Uzbekinstan 685 500 558 684 783 Moldova 980 396 354 504 547 Kirghizia 465 227 279 321 353 Tajikistan 426 149 139 206 231 Source: own table, data: World Bank, 2010 Appendix 2: Rural and urban HCI in CIS 1998-2003 (based on $2.15 PPP) Source: Own figure, data: Alam et al., 2005, p. 242ff 188 10. References Appendix 3: Average yield of annual crops according to farm type in Georgia Private Farms (in tons per ha) 1990 1995 2000 2005 Wheat 1.6 1.5 1.0 2.0 Maize 3.5 3.2 1.6 2.2 Potatoes 14.3 15.2 9.3 9.9 Vegetables 19.6 8.9 9.9 12.6 Agricultural Enterprises (in tons per ha) 1990 1995 2000 2005 Wheat 2.2 1.1 1.0 1.3 Maize 1.7 0.7 1.9 1.9 Potatoes 10.1 0.8 8.4 12.0 Vegetables 8.6 0.4 7.2 9.8 Source: GeoStat, 2005, p.55f Appendix 4: Sown area of annual crops according to farm type in Moldova All Categories 1990 1995 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007...

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