Edited By Michael B. Hinner
Intercultural Adjustment Training: A Proposed Model and Sample Application Tool - Hiromi Motozuka and Stella Ting-Toomey 527
527 Introduction to Intercultural Adjustment Training: A Proposed Model and Sample Application Tool By Hiromi Motozuka and Stella Ting-Toomey Motozuka and Ting-Toomey note that when people move to a new culture, they take with them their cultural habits, familiar scripts, and interaction routines. For the most part, these routine cultural habits may produce clashes in the new culture. Culture shock is an emotionally stressful and disorienting experience. People encounter culture shock whenever they move from a familiar environ- ment to an unfamiliar one. Sojourners such a business persons, their accompa- nying spouses and children, exchange students, diplomats, military personnel, and Peace Corps volunteers often encounter culturally awkward situations and are not equipped to deal with these experiences completely. Intercultural adjustment has been used to refer to the adaptive process of so- journers during their overseas assignments. Sojourners are individuals who have a temporary residential stay in a new culture as they strive to achieve both their instrumental and socio-emotional goals. Instrumental goals refer to task- based goals that sojourners would like to accomplish during their stay in a for- eign country. Socio-emotional goals refer to relational, recreational, and per- sonal development goals during the sojourn experience, the authors explain. The authors point out that intercultural adjustment training is an important topic of inquiry in the training and development field because each year millions of individuals cross cultural boundaries to conduct business, to invest, to study, to teach, to learn, to give aide, and to play. However, for many unprepared so-...
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