1.1. Introduction Christianity perceives itself as the legacy of Judaism. The books of the Hebrew Bible were included in the Christian Bible as the "Old Testament". This integra- tion extended even to the inclusion of 212 passages from the Hebrew Bible in the New Testament, some of which comprised several verses and some which were actually quoted several times over. As such, the Hebrew Bible became part of the Christian Bible, in the form of the "Old Testament". Marcion (85 - 144 AD) was a theologian, who was later branded a heretic and who wanted to drive a wedge between the Hebrew Bible and the Gospels. He believed that the Old Testament should be rejected since it proclaimed an angry, just and ultimately »evil« god (the God of Creation, the Demiurge), who had nothing in common with the God of Love who was exulted in the New Tes- tament. Christ, who proclaimed this God of Love, had freed himself from the power of the Demiurge through his suffering in an illusory corporeal form (Do- cetism). This belief that the Jewish God was a vengeful, evil deity was subse- quently expounded repeatedly, although the Church always discouraged such teachings. If we strive to identify the difference between Christian religious belief and Judaism, it can be found in the contradictory perception of the person of Jesus. The issue that marked the beginning of the parting of the ways was the messian- ity of Jesus. We need to analyze the differing trends in...
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