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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity

Series:

Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.

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9. The statements made by Jesus about Judaism

Extract

"One of the scribes came near and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, he asked him, "Which commandment is the first of all?" Jesus answered, "The first is, 'Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God, the Lord is one; you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.' The second is this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these." Then the scribe said to him, "You are right, Teacher; you have truly said that "he is one, and besides him there is no other" (Mar 12:28-32 NRS). The texts recited by Jesus are from the Torah, as follows: "Hear, O Israel: The LORD is our God, the LORD alone. You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might" (Deu 6:4-5 NRS), and "you shall love your neighbor as yourself" (Lev 19:18 NRS). In the following quotation from Matthew, Jesus mentions the Ten Com- mandments and the commandment of love as defined in the Torah (Deu 5:16.18 et seqq and Exo 20:12,14 et seqq), which assure longevity to the person who abides by them: "Then someone came to him and said, "Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?" And he said to him, "Why do you ask...

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