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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity


Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.


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14. The explanation for the resurrection of Jesus


"King Herod heard of it, for Jesus' name had become known. Some were saying "John the baptizer has been raised from the dead; and for this reason these pow- ers are at work in him." But others said "It is Elijah." And others said "It is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old." But when Herod heard of it, he said "John, whom I beheaded, has been raised" (Mar 6:14-16 NRS). The opinion that Moses had also ascended was widely held in the 1st century AD ("The Ascension of Moses"). Similar accounts may have been told of other prophets who ascended. They have not, however, survived. The aforementioned quotations show that it was not unusual to believe in as- cension in the 1st century AD. The Second Coming of Christ (also Second Advent or Parousia) that is pro- mised in the Gospel according to John is linked to the Holy Spirit who was charged with watching over the Christians until Jesus' return. This is why state- ments referring to the Holy Spirit are particularly significant. "But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you every- thing, and remind you of all that I have said to you" (Joh 14:26 NRS). "I (Jesus) will not leave you orphaned; I am coming to you. In a little while the world will no longer see me, but you will see me; because I live, you also will live. On that day...

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