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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity

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Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.

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22. The congregation of Jesus following hiscrucifixion, around 30 AD

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77 22. The congregation of Jesus following his crucifixion, around 30 AD The young congregation continued their untroubled lives following the crucifi- xion of Jesus: "They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. Awe came upon everyone, because many wonders and signs were being done by the apostles. All who believed were together and had all things in common; they would sell their possessions and goods and distribute the proceeds to all, as any had need. Day by day, as they spent much time together in the temple, they broke bread at home and ate their food with glad and generous hearts, praising God and having the goodwill of all the people. And day by day the Lord added to their number those who were be- ing saved" (Act 2:42-47 NRS). Jews who did not believe that Jesus was the Messiah could not attend a church service at home since this was apparently linked to proskynesis according to the Letter of Paul to Philippians, 2,10: "Therefore God also highly exalted him and gave him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father" (Phi 2:9- 11 NRS). The services celebrated at home by the Christian congregations were, however, probably not standardized. "it was...

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