Following the examination of the differing beliefs that emerged between Christi- anity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries CE, the material differ- ences that separate these two religions from each other today are addressed be- low, bearing in mind the fact that both religions have groups that deviate in some articles of their respective faith. 31.1 The term "God" Both religions see God as the highest instance in the world. We could therefore put the God of Israel on a par with the Christian God the Father. What separates the two is the Christian belief in the Trinity and, especially, in the belief that Je- sus is the Son of God. The person of Jesus as part of the term "God" is not easy for Christians to explain since, according to the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD: "We, …confess one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, the same perfect in Godhead and also perfect in manhood; truly God and truly man, of a reason- able [rational] soul and body; consubstantial [co-essential] with the Father ac- cording to the Godhead, and consubstantial with us according to the Manhood; in all things like unto us, without sin; Begotten before all ages of the Father according to the Godhead, and in these latter days, for us and for our salvation, born of the Virgin Mary, the Mother of God, according to the Manhood; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, only begotten, to be acknowledged in two natures,...
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