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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity


Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.


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33. Abbreviations of the Books of the Bible


33.1. The Hebrew Bibel or the Old Testament Genesis, Gen—Bereshith (בְּרֵאשִׁית) Exodus, Exo—Shemot (שְׁמוֹת) Leviticus, Lev—Vayikra (וַיִּקְרָא) Numbers, Num—Bamidbar (בְּמִדְבַּר) Deuteronomy, Deu.-. Devarim (דְּבָרים) Joshua, Jos—Yehoshua Judges, Jdg—Shoftim Samuel, includes First and Second 1Sa–2Sa Kings, includes First and Second, 1Ki–2Ki Isaiah, Isa—Yeshayahu Jeremiah, Jer—Yirmiyahu Ezekiel, Eze—Yekhezkel Hosea, Hos—Hoshea Joel, Jol—Yoel Amos, Amo—Amos Obadiah, Oba—Ovadyah Jonah, Joh—Yonah Micah, Mic—Mikhah Nahum, Nah—Nahum Habakkuk, Hab—Havakuk Zephaniah, Zep—Tsefanya Haggai, Hag—Khagay Zechariah, Zec—Zekharyah Malachi, Mal—Malakhi Psalms, Psa—Tehillim Proverbs, Pro—Mishlei Job, Job—Iyyov Song of Songs, Sos—Shir ha-Shirim Ruth, Rut—Rut Lamentations, Lam—Eikhah Ecclesiastes, Ecc—Kohelet 111 Esther, Est—Ester Daniel, Dan—Daniel Ezra, Eza, Ezra Nehemiah, Neh—,Nehemiah Chronicles, includes First and Second, 1Ch–2Ch—Divrei ha-Yamim (דברי הימים), also called Divrei (דברי) 33.2. The New Testament Mat The Gospel according to Matthew Mar The Gospel according to Mark Luk The Gospel according to Luke Joh The Gospel according to John Apg The Acts of the Apostles Rom The Letter to the Romans 1 Cor The First Letter to the Corinthians 2 Cor The Second Letter to the Corinthians Gal The Letter to the Galatians Eph The Letter to the Ephesians Phil The Letter to the Philippians Col The Letter to the Colossians 1Thess The First Letter to the Thessalonians 2Thess The Second Letter to the Thessalonians 1Tim The First Letter to Timothy 2Tim The Second Letter to Timothy Tit The Letter to Titus Hebr The...

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