In Memory of Michael Clyne- In Collaboration with Catrin Norrby, Leo Kretzenbacher, Carla Amorós
Rudolf MUHR: Linguistic dominance and non-dominancein pluricentric languages: A typology
In: Rudolf Muhr (ed.) (2012): Non-dominant Varieties of pluricentric Languages. Getting the Pic- ture. In memory of Michael Clyne. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 23-48. Rudolf MUHR (University of Graz, Austria) email@example.com Linguistic dominance and non-dominance in pluricentric languages: A typology Abstract The paper explores the concept of dominance and non-dominance in pluricentric languages which is based on the power relation between va- rieties of the same language. In a first step the linguistic concepts and attitudes of monocentristic languages which are shared by many domi- nant nations are characterized in detail. The one-nation-one-language concept is the base of monocentric believes which leads to specific atti- tudes about the status of other varieties and their speakers. The effects of these attitudes on non-dominant varieties are investigated in detail and an updated list of pluricentric languages is presented. It is shown that both the language situation of different pluricentric languages and their non-dominant varieties varies considerably. This leads to the find- ing that non-dominant varieties can only be defined if the pluricentric- ity of a language is acknowledged. A comprehensive list of features that are shared by non-dominant varieties and a number of criteria that are crucial for their status and maintenance is presented and a typology of different non-dominant varieties presented. Possible strategies to solve a situation marked by low status and linguistic uncertainty are also dis- cussed in the concluding chapter. 1. Introduction The sociolinguistic theory of pluricentric languages was first proposed by Stewart (1968: 534)...
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