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Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages. Getting the Picture

In Memory of Michael Clyne- In Collaboration with Catrin Norrby, Leo Kretzenbacher, Carla Amorós

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr

This volume comprises 28 papers presented at the 1 st International Conference on Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages in Graz (Austria) in July 2011. The conference was also held in memory of Michael Clyne – eminent linguist, scholar, language enthusiast and advocate of multilingualism who died in October 2010. The volume pays homage to his important contributions in many fields of linguistics and in the theory of pluricentric languages. The conference in Graz was the first international event to document the situation of non-dominant varieties world-wide in order to identify common or diverging features. It provided substantial insights into the codification and in corpus and status planning of non-dominant varieties. The volume deals with 18 languages and 31 different national and other varieties in 29 countries of the world.

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Rudolf MUHR: Linguistic dominance and non-dominancein pluricentric languages: A typology

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In: Rudolf Muhr (ed.) (2012): Non-dominant Varieties of pluricentric Languages. Getting the Pic- ture. In memory of Michael Clyne. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 23-48. Rudolf MUHR (University of Graz, Austria) rudolf.muhr@uni-graz.at Linguistic dominance and non-dominance in pluricentric languages: A typology Abstract The paper explores the concept of dominance and non-dominance in pluricentric languages which is based on the power relation between va- rieties of the same language. In a first step the linguistic concepts and attitudes of monocentristic languages which are shared by many domi- nant nations are characterized in detail. The one-nation-one-language concept is the base of monocentric believes which leads to specific atti- tudes about the status of other varieties and their speakers. The effects of these attitudes on non-dominant varieties are investigated in detail and an updated list of pluricentric languages is presented. It is shown that both the language situation of different pluricentric languages and their non-dominant varieties varies considerably. This leads to the find- ing that non-dominant varieties can only be defined if the pluricentric- ity of a language is acknowledged. A comprehensive list of features that are shared by non-dominant varieties and a number of criteria that are crucial for their status and maintenance is presented and a typology of different non-dominant varieties presented. Possible strategies to solve a situation marked by low status and linguistic uncertainty are also dis- cussed in the concluding chapter. 1. Introduction The sociolinguistic theory of pluricentric languages was first proposed by Stewart (1968: 534)...

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