In Memory of Michael Clyne- In Collaboration with Catrin Norrby, Leo Kretzenbacher, Carla Amorós
Edited By Rudolf Muhr
Jidda Hassan JUMMA’A: Nigerain English: Linguistic, Sociolinguistic and Conversational Characteristics in the Framework of dominance and non-dominance
In: Rudolf Muhr (ed.) (2012): Non-dominant Varieties of pluricentric Languages. Getting the Pic- ture. In memory of Michael Clyne. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 473-490. Jidda Hassan JUMMA’A (University Maiduguri, Nigeria) email@example.com Nigerian English: Linguistic, Sociolinguistic and Con- versational Characteristics in the Framework of dominance and non-dominance Abstract In multilingual nations, languages are classified into majority or minor- ity languages based on their area of coverage. The assumption is that, the language of the majority is likely to impose its linguistic norms on the language of the minority, which by virtue of its status remains at the receiving end. In a code-switching data-based study involving the Eng- lish language (de facto official language in Nigeria) which is widely spo- ken across the country and Nigerian Arabic (Shuwa), a minority lan- guage with a highly restricted area of coverage which both interacted at the phonological level showed the reverse of this assumption. The study revealed code-switching English elements in the speech of Nigerian Ara- bic (Shuwa) speakers (segmental or supra-segmental). The English seg- mental features are copied from English into the code switching struc- ture while others are either used and maintained as different or pro- duced as hybrid forms. At the supra-segmental level the study shows a move towards maintaining English norms sometimes and violating it at others. 1. Introduction Multilingual or bilingual communities process their innate properties (lan- guage) through different sociolinguistic means to achieve certain desired com- munication goals (Hudson 1996). It is because of...
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