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«For it is Written»

Essays on the Function of Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity

Series:

Jan Dochhorn

This volume is a collection of articles dealing with the function of scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity. It is a result of the cooperation between the Center for the Study of Antiquity and Christianity (C-SAC) at the University of Aarhus and international scholars. Special attention is paid to the interplay between scripture and liturgy and creed in Early Christianity.

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The Creed and the Development of the Liturgical Year in the Early Church Wolfram Kinzig

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This paper examines the question of how faith develops into orthodoxy, and considers the role of the liturgy in that process. I will argue that the develop- ment of a confession of faith, the symbolum fidei, is central to this process. The creed becomes normative after 381 in its neo-Nicene form. Measures such as imperial laws make this Neo-Nicene faith incumbent upon all inhabitants of the empire; aberrations of that faith are banned. But what impact did these measures have in reality? Above all, how was the prescribed stipulation to a particular formulation of the faith enforced in practice, and what conse- quences did that have for the religious life of believers? I would like to propose that it is no historical coincidence that the reli- gious feasts of Christmas/Epiphany, Easter with Lent, the Triduum sacrum and Easter Octave, and Ascension and Pentecost (the latter sometimes accompa- nied by its own Octave) were introduced almost at the same time. Rather, the implementation of these celebrations is a mechanism consciously utilized by the ecclesial authorities to enforce the normative definition of the Christian faith and was thus instrumental in the formation of a Corpus Christianum. To establish this thesis I will proceed in three steps: In the first and short- est section I would like to call to mind certain stages in the aforementioned path towards a normative form of the Christian faith. Thereafter I will take a look at the development of the liturgies of the most important dominical feasts...

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