Chapter 14: Agronomists, Civil Engineers and Architects: What Role in Earth Sustainability?
Chapter 14 Agronomists, Civil Engineers and Architects: What Role in Earth Sustainability? Ana Marta Gonçalves, Sónia Costa, Daniela de Figueiredo, Fernando Gonçalves, Miguel Ângelo Pardal, Ulisses Miranda Azeiteiro Abstract Sustainability is an actual and current concept discussed in political, economic, social, educational and environmental areas, involving ethical aspects of human behaviour. Man and the environment have been in equilibrium for a long time. However, during the last century, the development of science and new technolo- gies, overuse of non-renewable energies and industrial globalization allowed the exponential growth of the human population which resulted in an increasing consumption of resources, environmental pollution and loss of biodiversity. Thus, in 1987, the Brundtland Commission launched the first definition of sustainability as: “to suppress the needs of present generations without affecting the ability of future generations to suppress theirs”. A sustainable development may be fol- lowed by citizens in their everyday lives and by workers in their jobs in order to achieve human and environmental welfare without compromising future genera- tions. Thus, training and awareness initiatives/activities may be developed and proposed to students and also to different sectors of economic activity contribut- ing to the main decisions, like active employers and educators of future genera- tions. Therefore, this chapter proposes a training session comprising different activities to agronomists, civil engineers, architects and also workers who are associated with both these sectors. The main aims of this work are: 1) to create awareness among professionals to environmental problems and 2) to propose...
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