National and Transnational Perspectives
India in Asia: India’s relations with Southeast Asia and China, 1962-1991 Manjeet S. Pardesi Introduction This paper aims to understand India’s relations with China and its Southeast Asian neighbors in the period between the 1962 Sino-Indian War and the end of the Cold War in 1991. It will be argued that India’s “tilt” towards the former Soviet Union, the closed nature of the Indian economy, and India’s military in- terventions in its South Asian neighborhood led many (pro-Western) Southeast Asian states to view India as a threatening state for much of the Cold War pe- riod. Furthermore, the emergence of the China-Pakistan entente followed by a Chinese-Pakistani-American alignment meant that India’s relations with China continued to remain limited but conflict-ridden during this period. It was not un- til 1988 that the stalemate in Sino-Indian relations was broken by Prime Minis- ter Rajiv Gandhi’s landmark trip to China, which took place at the time of Sino- Soviet rapprochement and the erosion of the Indo-Soviet partnership. This pe- riod also coincided with the growth of Indian military power. India’s relations with Southeast Asia began to improve only after the end of the Cold War (and the Indo-Soviet partnership) and the opening up of the Indian economy in 1991. India in Asia, 1947-1962 Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India and the “founding architect”1 of its foreign policy, vigorously opposed global military blocs and chose to safeguard the strategic autonomy of his newly independent state by pursuing a policy of non-alignment.2...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.