Sexualität und Sprache- Sex and Language
Edited By Marietta Calderón and Georg Marko
The contributions to this book explore a wide range of questions concerning representations of sexuality in language – from the sexual content of toilet graffiti to the erotic subtext of the ancient Indian Rig Veda. They apply a variety of linguistic methods from discourse analysis to historical Syntax. Data from German, English, French, Russian, Spanish, Latin and Vedic are used.
Martin Döring: A ‘Desire Dysfunction’. Constructing Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Martin Döring A ‘Desire Dysfunction’. Constructing Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder1 1. Introduction: Medicine, the medical gaze and medicalisation The general assumption about the discovery of an illness or a disease is intimately connected to the image that medical research or scientific pro- gress tackles the so-called true nature of a disease entity. Research from different areas such as medical sociology, sociology, technology assess- ment, science and technology studies and the like, however, have proven over the recent decades that quite the opposite is true: the specification of an illness or a disease is not the endpoint, but rather the beginning of a research process in the medical sciences. Medicine and medical research – such as other scientific disciplines – construct rather than discover a disease by deploying a variety of discourses and practices for which Michel Foucault (1975: 18) developed the umbrella-term medical gaze. Sexual medicine by no means represents an exceptional case and con- structs a (hetero)sexual body where sexual problems are increasingly framed from a biomedical perspective. Alleged and desired biomedical solutions get deep under the skin (cf. Niewöhner/Kehl/Beck 2008) and seem to provide physiological solutions for psychological problems in the area of sexual medicine. This is clearly indicted by the success of drugs such as Viagra and comparable generic medicinal products that fuelled the belief that biomedical explanations and treatments provide solutions for a considerable range of sexual disorders in men and women. These recent developments in sexual medicine direct attention to a 1 I would...
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