Show Less

Mainstream or Marginal?

The Matthean Community in Early Christianity

Series:

Friedbert Ninow

This book constructs a profile of the Matthean Community by using insights from sociology and studies of oral and chirographic cultures, together with a careful investigation of the material unique to the Gospel of Matthew. A picture emerges of a self-regulating, independent community with the kind of strong self-definition and tension with its surrounding society characteristic of a sect. It had a high regard for law and practiced Sabbath-observance, as well as observing the distinction between clean and unclean foods. The community viewed its members as saved sinners who should conduct themselves in a manner appropriate to those who await the soon return of their Lord. Somewhat provocatively, this book argues that the Matthean Community was likely to be mainstream in early Christianity, not marginal.

Prices

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Table of Contents

Extract

TableofContents Preface .................................................................................................................................................... 11 Chapter 1. Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 13 Chapter 2. A Century of Research on the Matthean Community ............................................15 2.1. The Matthean Community as a School ................................................................................. 15 2.2. Matthew as Liturgist .................................................................................................................17 2.3. The Matthean Community in Dialogue/ Controversy with Judaism/Jewish Christianity ....................................................................19 2.4. The Matthean Community in a Gentile Environment ........................................................23 2.5. The Matthean Community as Prophets and Wandering Charismatics ............................ 24 2.6. The Gospel of Matthew in Syrian Antioch .......................................................................... 25 2.7. A Place of Origin other than Syrian Antioch ........................................................................28 2.8. Sociological Approaches to the Matthean Community ...................................................... 30 2.9. A Mixture of Trustworthy and Precarious Foundations: Reflections on Previous Research on the Matthean Community ..................................... 33 2.9.1. The Matthean Community as a Wealthy City-based Community .....................................33 2.9.2. Precarious Foundation 1: The Place of Writing ...................................................................35 Chapter 3. Towards a Solution of the Methodological Challenges Facing Research on the Matthean Community ............................................................................41 3.1. Are the Methodological Difficulties so Great that it is Impossible to Reconstruct the Matthean Community? .................................................................................42 3.2. Orality and the Gospel Traditions ..........................................................................................44 3.3. Precarious Foundation 2: The Two-Source Hypothesis .....................................................50 3.4. Is a Theory-Independent Methodology Possible? .............................................................. 53 3.5. Introducing the Basic Research Tool: The Detection and Evaluation of the Significance of Patterns Discovered by Synoptic Comparison .................................. 54 3.6. Material Closely Parallel to Material in Other Gospels ...................................................... 55 3.7. The Material Unique to Matthew .......................................................................................... 60 3.7.1. Community ............................................................................................................................... 61 3.7.2. Jew/Gentile Issues ................................................................................................................... 62 3.7.3. Law ............................................................................................................................................. 64 3.7.4. The Christian Life .................................................................................................................... 64 3.7.5. Geography ................................................................................................................................. 66 3.7.6. Eschatology ............................................................................................................................... 66 3.7.7. Other .......................................................................................................................................... 67 3.8. Notable Absences in the Matthean Sondergut ....................................................................... 69 3.9. Distinctive...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.