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From Peasants to Farmers? Agrarian Reforms and Modernisation in Twentieth Century Romania

A Case Study: Bordei Verde Commune in Braila County

Series:

Cornel Micu

The underdevelopment of agriculture was an important subject during the negotiations for Romania’s accession to the European Union. The problem of backwardness in rural areas is, however, far from new and during the twentieth century several agrarian reforms attempted to resolve it. In order to determine the causes of their failure, this volume focuses on a region in the South-Eastern part of Romania, and investigates the activity of three sets of social actors directly involved in agricultural policy: the national elites, who formulated the modernisation programmes, the administration, who implemented them, and the peasants, who had to deal with their effects. The book covers a period of ninety years, from 1917 until 2007, and attempts to determine the long-term results of modernisation policies.

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A. Unpublished sources: 1. Archive Documents Arhivele Naţionale ale României [The National Archives of Romania] Cancelaria Comitetului Central al Partidului Comunist Roman [The Head Office of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party]: Dossiers no. 16/1945, 6/1948, 122/1948, 15/1949, 21/1949, 27/1952, 46/1953 (2 vols.), 93/1956, 11/1962. Fond Familial Brătianu [Brătianu Family Collection]: Dossier no. 128. Fond familial I. G. Duca [I. G. Duca Family Collection]: Dossier no. 76. Fond Personal Ion Mihalache [The Ion Mihalache Personal Collection]: Dossier no. 73. Ministerul Agriculturii şi Domeniilor [Ministry of Agriculture and Estates], Comitetul agrar al judeţului Brăila [The Agrarian Committee of the Brăila County]: Dossier no. 4/1922. Ministerul Agriculturii şi Domeniilor [Ministry of Agriculture and Estates], Direcţia Funciară Brăila [The Brăila Land Board]: Dossiers no. 173/1923-1929, 190/1924, 198/1925-1935, 250/1925, 178/1926-1927, 287/1926, 319/1927- 1928. Ministerul Agriculturii şi Domeniilor [Ministry of Agriculture and Estates], Reforma Agrară din 1864 [The Agrarian Reform of 1864]: Dossiers no. 156, 183. Ministerul Agriculturii şi Domeniilor [Ministry of Agriculture and Estates], Reforma agrară din 1921, Generale, Generale [The 1921 Agrarian Reform, Various, Various]: Dossiers no. 19/1930, 31/1932. Ministerul Agriculturii şi Domeniilor [Ministry of Agriculture and Estates], Reforma Agrară din 1945: Judeţul Brăila [The 1945 Agrarian Reform: the Brăila county]: Dossiers no. 9/1945, 105/1949. Oficiul Naţional al Colonizării [The National Office of Colonization], vol. 2, Judeţul Brăila, comunele Bordei Verde şi Batogu [vol. 2, Braila County, the Bordei Verde and Batogu Communes]: Dossiers...

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