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Sociolinguistic aspects of the functioning of English in post-1989 Poland

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Krzysztof Przygonski

The fall of communism fully opened Poland to the processes and phenomena operating in ever globalizing world. In line with global trends, English in post-socialist Poland has been steadily growing in importance. By employing a holistic integrative approach utilizing relevant theoretical, descriptive, and empirical insights, the author builds up a comprehensive picture of the sociolinguistic functioning of English in post-1989 Poland. In order to supplement his integration and analysis of the state-of-the-art knowledge, the author devises an original investigation probing into the perceived power of English. The result is the first such comprehensive and insightful analysis of English in a post-socialist country.

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Table of contents ....................................................................................................... 5 List of tables .............................................................................................................. 9 List of figures .......................................................................................................... 11 Introduction ............................................................................................................. 13 Chapter 1: A brief introduction to the sociolinguistics of English as a world language ................................................................................................................... 17 1.1. The conceptualization of English, its spread and functioning – approaches and models ........................................................................... 17 1.2. Globalization and the spread of English .................................................. 17 1.2.1. Language related factors contributing to the spread of English ... 19 1.2.2. Human/Social related factors contributing to the spread of English ............................................................................................ 19 1.2.3. External factors contributing to the spread of English ................. 21 1.3. Frameworks and models accounting for the spread and functioning of English ................................................................................................ 23 1.3.1. Two trajectories and three models of the diffusion of English ..... 24 1.3.2. Widdowson’s model of the spread of English as a virtual language ......................................................................................... 25 1.3.3. The global language system .......................................................... 26 1.3.4. Brutt-Griffler’s theory of the development of world language .... 28 1.3.5. Linguistic imperialism and the spread of English ........................ 30 1.3.6. The Kachruvian paradigm/World Englishes approach ................. 34 1.3.7. The worldliness of English ........................................................... 37 1.3.8. Sociolinguistics of globalization ................................................... 39 1.3.9. The evolution of New Englishes and glocalization – the role of identity ............................................................................................ 40 1.4. The sociolinguistics of English in glocal contexts ................................... 42 1.4.1. The power and the politics of English .......................................... 42 1.4.2. The hegemony of English ............................................................. 45 1.4.3. Englishization ............................................................................... 46 6 Krzysztof Przygoński 1.4.4. Attitudes towards and beliefs about English, its dominance, and spread ....................................................................................... 47 1.4.5. The management of the spread and status of the English language ......................................................................................... 50 1.4.6. Some selected sociolinguistic aspects of teaching English to the world ......................................................................................... 54 1.4.7. The nativization (indigenization), and acculturation...

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