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Global Education Under Attack

International Baccalaureate in America

Tristan Bunnell

The three main programmes of the Geneva-registered International Baccalaureate (IB) have grown enormously since the 1990s and have seemingly found their ‘home’ in the United States. However, the IB has provoked opposition, initially from concerned parents, and lately by conservative agencies. This book charts the growth of the IB in America and offers a set of frameworks for conceptualizing the history and nature of this attack. It explores the distinctly paleo-conservative philosophy behind this attack, and reveals the influence of the American historian Russell Kirk, alongside Edmund Burke. The book examines the notion that the IB is un-American, and concludes that for some people in America global education is fundamentally unnatural and must be resisted.

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Part G: Research and analysis required about the attack

Extract

Summary The previous chapter discussed the issue that ‘global education’ and IB pro- grammes have been growing over the past decade both as a factor of the peak periods of the current ‘K5’ phase of globalization, and the perceived need for constructing ‘global workers’ by 2020. As stated by Walker (2011b p.11): The IB is not just affected by globalization, it has become a part of it. However, this growth is not necessarily sustainable due to the simple fact that it rests on one main premise; the world will continue to become more and more integrated (which is not a historical reality). The world in 2012 is very dif- ferent from the one that the IB grew out of fifty years ago, and the world in five decades time will be very different also. The attack on the IB in the US can therefore be viewed as a possible sign that a ‘winter’ stage of the ‘K5’ cycle might be being reached politically, which will eventually see less integration and less global trade (which was seen to be falling in 2012: Elliott, 2012). In other words the perceived need for ‘global workers’ beyond 2020 may diminish, whilst educational programmes aimed at facilitating globalization might seem less desirable (or less needy, or too costly). Over time, programmes such as the IBDP might be viewed as too expensive, too divisive and not necessary. This analysis raises three key (inter-linked) questions about the future growth of IB and the direction of attack in...

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