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The Syntax and Semantics of the Nominal Construction

A Radically Minimalist Perspective

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Diego Gabriel Krivochen

This book proposes a novel analysis of Nominal Construction from the syntax-semantics interface. It is based on the newly developed framework of Radical Minimalism, and provides both a concise introduction to this formal model and the application of the theory to real examples provided by native speakers. The theory, which makes use of mathematics, cognitive science, and physics combined with formal syntax, is explained in detail before entering the domain of the nominal construction where straightforward, clear analyses are provided for multiple interlinguistic phenomena. Even though mainly theoretical, the book has a strong empirical basis and enables the reader to continue the quest by applying the framework to phenomena of his interest.

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Foreword .................................................................................................. 11 Chapter 1: An Introduction to Radical Minimalism ................................. 13 0 Introduction ................................................................................ 13 1 Radical Minimalism and the Natural World ................................. 13 1.1 Radical Minimalism as a model for Quantum Linguistics ............. 16 1.2 Generation in Radical Minimalism: Merge revisited .................... 22 2 The Architecture of the System: OT, MP and RM ........................ 30 2.1 Dynamic Workspace .................................................................... 31 2.2 GEN = Generator ......................................................................... 31 2.2.1 Against “Self Merge” ................................................................... 32 2.2.2 Against unrestricted distinct Merge ............................................ 34 2.3 EVAL = Evaluator ......................................................................... 34 3 Radical Minimalism and Survive Minimalism: two alternatives ... 37 4 Relevance, Neurological Optimization and Language Design ...... 43 Chapter 2: The Syntax-Semantics of the Nominal Construction ............. 49 0 Introduction ................................................................................ 49 1 NP, DP or n*P? ............................................................................ 49 2 Radical Minimalism and the structure of the nominal construction .................................................................. 54 2.1 The conceptual-procedural symmetry......................................... 54 2.2 A note on proper names, common names and semantic interpretation .............................................................. 60 2.3 The derivation of complex nominals: syntax and semantics ........ 63 2.4 Numerals, the Localist theory and Radical Minimalism ............... 73 3 The {D}-Split T relation: Interpretability, Case and Theta roles .... 77 4 Nominal aspect and delimitation ................................................ 83 5 Summary ..................................................................................... 85 6 Appendix: On Russell’s “Theory of Definite Descriptions” ........... 86 7 Appendix 2: Remarks on Categorization…………………………………… 90 Chapter 3: Empirical problems ................................................................ 95 0 Introduction ................................................................................ 95 1 Possessor Raising and Partitive Readings .................................... 95 1.1 Possessor rising and possessed thematization ............................. 98 2 Clitic Climbing within the Bulgarian {D} ..................................... 102 10 3 Spanish Relational Adjectives .................................................... 104 3.1 Group (a) ................................................................................... 104 3.2 Group (b) ................................................................................... 105 3.3 Group (c) ................................................................................... 108 4 Possessives as Locations and the Italian {D} .............................. 109...

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