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Siho and Naga – Lao Textiles

Reflecting a People’s Tradition and Change

Edeltraud Tagwerker

Siho and Naga are the most powerful mythological figures in Lao tradition manifested in their textiles. This book focuses on the history and culture of the creators of exquisitely hand woven fabrics that have attracted textile connoisseurs all over the world. The study leads not only to rare weaving techniques, patterns and natural dyes, but also to a vast ethnic diversity of people who used to live self sufficiently of their natural environment in rural areas or under royal patronage in ancient cities. Textiles have always been an integral part of the social and spiritual life of Lao people who now, after a devastating war, are challenged to come to terms with tourism, cash, and global market strategies. Siho and Naga shall raise awareness for urgent educational reform countrywide and encourage local and international preservers of Lao culture to continue their efforts to the benefit of Lao’s young generation, who eventually will grasp the value of their own textiles in order to set them against cheap imports.

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A Ajanta Caves 94 Akha. 72 Alarich 86 aniline 98 Animism 129 Astana tombs 88 Austro-Asiatic 15, 38, 39, 65, 67, 72, 117 B backstrap loom 109 back-tensioned loom 117 bad luck 80, 148 Ban Pako 29 basic ethics 169 batik 70 betel 29, 76, 134, 144 betel nut 134 binding systems 105 Black Tai 37, 73 Blue Hmong 70 BMZ 82 body tension loom 103 Bombyx mori 89 Bouasonekham Sisane 57 Bouavanh Phouminh 57, 100 British Library 82 brocades 108 bronze drums 58 Buddha 75, 76, 82, 130, 153, 157 Buddhist religious holidays 164 buffalo horns 143 C cannabis gigantean 96 Carol Cassidy 5, 59, 60 Caves of the Thousand Buddhas 87 ceramic jars 58 chain stitch 122 Chanthy Deuansavanh 27 Chinese 15, 16, 35, 37, 38, 46, 47, 53, 66, 73, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 104, 106, 121, 122, 141, 147, 157, 159, 165, 178 Chok 77, 109, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 134, 135 cochineal 97 cotton 43, 66, 69, 76, 77, 78, 85, 95, 106, 108, 113, 115, 117, 118, 119, 121 cotton cloth 119 cotton gin 94, 95 cotton spinning machine 95 couching stitches 123 Cowry shells 138 cross stitch 121, 122 cultural revival 169 cultural theory 20 culture 10, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 28, 36, 37, 40, 50, 51, 56, 57, 79, 126, 139, 142, 146, 148, 151, 164, 168, 169 D damasks 106 dance rituals 24 Dara Viravong Kanlagna 26, 169 DFG 26, 82 Dok Ked 27 Douangdeuane Viravong...

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