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The Study of Aspect, Tense and Action

Towards a Theory of the Semantics of Grammatical Categories

Carl Bache and Carl Bache

This book addresses some methodological problems in the study of tense, aspect and action: How should linguists go about describing these categories and with what terminology? How does our work in this area relate to descriptions of language(s) in general? What research strategies should be explored? Bache discusses the interaction between language-specific grammars and universal grammar, including the problems of analytic directionality, semantic minimalism, and the general metalanguage of universal grammar. The book has several sources of inspiration: generative linguistics, structuralist phonology, glossematics, functional grammar, cognitive semantics and prototype theory. Bache argues strongly for the inclusion of a paradigmatic dimension in the study of the semantics of morphosyntactic categories. Rather than adhering to one particular linguistic school, Bache provides a general description of tense, aspect and action in the form of generalizations that should be accommodated in any theory.

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Index 339

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Index A absolute standard see descriptive standard action, actionality 12, 33, 35, 52ff, 80f, 117, 119, 136, 160ff, 180f, 191 ff, 203 ff, 209ff, 217ff, 227ff, 263f, 267ff, 27lff, 277ff, 295tf, 299ff ±ACTIONAL 227ff, 280ff, 30lff actionalchange 280ff adequacy 10, 18, 32f, 54, 56, 72ff, l08f, 119, 122, 13lf, 137, 145f, 149, 157, 168, 174f, 181, 323ff adjective, adjective order 60, 106, 108, Ill ff, 325 Agrell, S. 217 Ainu 224 Aktionsart 12, 217 Allerton, D. J. 10, 73, llOf American structuralism 21 f, 25 American structuralist phonology II Amis, K. 262 analytic directionality 26ff, 32ff, 39ff, 59, 155, 323 analytic standard see descriptive standard animal language 21, 23 Arabic 293 arbitrariness 43, 84ff AS-construction 167 aspect, aspectuality 12, 33, 35ff, 44, 80f, 88, 94, 107, ll7ff, 139, 158, 182f, 187f, 19lff, 208ff, 257tf, 27ltf, 292tf, 299ff ±ASPECTUAL 258ff, 304ff aspectual focus 118, 160, 177, 179f, 185, 205ff, 212ff, 257ff atelic, atelicness 53f, 237ff, 302 Atkan Aleut 72 B Bache, C. 9, l2f, 17, 34, 53, 55, 57, 60f, 64, 78, 81, 111, 115, 131, 134, 137, 151, 155, 162, 174, 185, 217, 231, 245, 248, 250f, 258, 261, 263,265,278,314 Basbell, H. 9, 13 basic level term 30 basic meaning 18, 177, 322 Bergman, B. 92 Bolinger, D. 133 bounded 38,40,237 Brugmann, K. 217 Bybee, J. L. 90f c Carey, P. l03ff categorial interplay 18, 81, 92, 166ff, 174ff, 186ff,209ff,27lff, 292fT, 311 f, 323, 327 340 categorial rank 209ff, 327 categorization 46ff, 52,...

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