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Re-Sakralisierung des öffentlichen Raums in Südosteuropa nach der Wende 1989?

Redaktion: Florian Tuder

Series:

Alojz Ivanisevic

Die Wende von 1989 bzw. 1991 hat die Religionsgemeinschaften in den ehemals kommunistischen Staaten Südosteuropas auf die Bühne der politischen Öffentlichkeit zurückgebracht. Sie wurden aufgewertet, aber nicht unbedingt in spiritueller, sondern in institutioneller, politischer und nationaler Hinsicht. Heute, zwei Jahrzehnte nach der Wende, erheben die Religionsgemeinschaften Südosteuropas häufig den Führungsanspruch in der Gesellschaft – nicht nur in religiöser und moralischer, sondern auch in national-politischer Hinsicht. Bei ihren Versuchen, die Gesellschaft zu sakralisieren, profanisieren sie sich jedoch häufig selbst. Mit diesen Phänomenen befassen sich die in diesem Band enthaltenen Beiträge, die in Form von Referaten im Rahmen der vom 16. bis 18. September 2010 in Graz abgehaltenen Tagung «Sakralisierung des öffentlichen Raums in Südosteuropa nach der Wende 1989» präsentiert und diskutiert wurden.

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The Macedonian-Serbian Church Conflict from 1945to the Present. Borče Ilievski

Extract

133 The Macedonian-Serbian Church Conflict from 1945 to the Present Borče Ilievski The canons of the Church, history and politics represent inseparable segments of a common corpus of issues that may frequently pose problems and cause discord in the Orthodox world. The relations among various Orthodox Churches, especially on the Balkans, have often been burdened by politics and mistrust. Church issues in the Balkan states were, as a rule, handled together with state issues. The formation of national Balkan states in the 19th century led to the emancipation of the national Orthodox Churches from the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. The first to separate from the Ecumenical Patriarchate was the Orthodox Church in the King- dom of Greece, and the independence of Serbia, Romania, Albania and Bulgaria also resulted in their Orthodox Churches obtaining autocephalous status. After the Balkan Wars and WWI, the Serbian Orthodox Church, following a long period of negotiations in which Church and state officials participated, was issued the official Tomos of Autocephaly by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantino- ple. This Tomos placed the eparchies of the part of Macedonia that had become part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes under the jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Church. In the period from the Balkan Wars up to the creation of the So- cialist Republic of Macedonia in 1944, the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Serbian and Bulgarian Orthodox Churches on the territory of Vardar Macedonia changed several times. In the beginning of December 1944, following the...

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