Language Immersion Tepee as a Facilitator of theSámi Language Learning
78 79 Language Immersion Tepee as a Facilitator of the Sámi Language Learning Language immersion is a teaching method in which the target language is con- sciously used in a child’s environment, usually at school or a day care center, in the same way as the native language: by hearing it in his or her environment and using it in real-life interactional situations (see Skutnabb-Kangas & Dunbar, 2010). Various subjects can be taught with the target language at school (Creese & Blackledge, 2010; Rodgers, 2006). Teaching through language immersion started in Canada in the 1960s (Genesee, 2012). In New Zealand, the first Kura Kaupapa Māori schools were established in 1985 when the Māori language was in a critical near-death stage. “Kura Kaupapa Māori” refers to Māori-language immersion schools where the philosophy and practice reflect Māori cultural val- ues, with the aim of revitalizing Māori language, knowledge, and culture (Smith, 2005). In Finland, early complete language immersion has been used for teach- ing the Swedish language since 1987, and it has been studied in the language immersion project at the University of Vaasa (Laurén, 1991), and in Inari Sámi language (Pasanen, 2003). It is possible to achieve functional bilingualism through language immersion (Cummins, 1998). According to studies, language immersion is an efficient teaching method and does not harm children’s development in their native lan- guage (Skutnabb-Kangas, 2009). The ability to read is a mechanical skill: after one has learned to read and write, transferring...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.