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Philosophical and Religious Sources of Modern Culture

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Edited By Jacek Grzybowski

Europe is the community of nations which, in the favorable conditions of a small yet extremely diversified continent, took over and developed the legacy of Greco-Roman civilization transformed and enriched by Christianity. Philosophy, theology, liturgy, religion, national culture and tradition are still manifestations of this heritage. Europe is not merely a region or geographical location. It is an idea that expresses cultural and social ideals. The nature of Europeanness is not defined by race or place but by freedom and culture in the broad sense. Latin Europe created a sphere of civilization. Though ridden by contrasts and differences, not merely an organic unity was established but also a unity of a spiritual kind by accentuating and merging of values all Europeans have in common. This was also made possible by Christianity whose ethos came to pervade a multiplicity of socio-cultural phenomena.

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Rev. Jan Sochoń: On the indefeasible relationship between philosophy and culture

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On the indefeasible relationship between philosophy and culture Rev. Jan Sochoń Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw (CSWU) The Faculty of Christian Philosophy Culture as a search for form One of the most characteristic traits of philosophical thought seems to be a rule that I have called the miracle of non-obviousness. What this rule suggests is that the philosopher is first of all astonished with reality, astonished with himself as a subject capable of making free and sovereign decisions, and finally astonished at the fact of possessing a natural capacity for knowledge and making the world his own in a creative way. He has by now realized that he is only able to make use of this extraordinary donation because he is labouring within the space of human culture, which he at once co-creates and continually reorders, reinforcing social memory to inaugurate what becomes culturally sanctioned heritage passed down to future generations. For this very reason culture and philosophy are coupled together like two blocks of an Egyptian pyramid, and any reflection on the singularity of a given philosophical approach to the world and man is at once a study of the particulars of the culture in which this approach develops. And yet, in light of the afore- mentioned principle of non-obviousness: is that really the case? Human cultural activity has been a continuous fact since the very beginning of history, long be- fore philosophy developed into a methodologically valid science. Culture, taken as personal culture, culture of the spirit...

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