Edited By Jacek Grzybowski
Rev. Maciej Bała: Theodicy in Modern Culture. The Proposal of Paul Ricoeur
Theodicy in Modern Culture. The Proposal of Paul Ricœur Rev. Maciej Bała Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw (CSWU) The Faculty of Christian Philosophy The existence of evil has always been a challenge to every culture. Where does evil come from? Who is to blame? Why me in particular? Why is it that I do evil in spite of desiring good? Such questions do not only appear in the reflection and investigations of the greatest intellectuals. They are also the lot of ordinary men. Surely there is no final and satisfying answer to the problem of evil and suffering that would make it possible to explicate their intriguing phenomenon. Does this mean that all effort to shed light on the mystery of evil is doomed to failure? Surely not. The confrontation of philosophical reflection with suffering carries a special challenge for the human mind, not to turn away from what is important and crucial to man, and not to avoid giving consideration, in philo- sophical reflection, to existing reality, so very thoroughly imbued with good and evil.1 This, among other things, is the essence of wisdom, beloved of philoso- phers, namely to seek creative answers to important, fundamental questions. And the problem of evil is doubtless such a question. The concept of “theodicy” (gr. theós – God, dike – victory, justice) entered into general use in the eighteenth century thanks to Leibniz, who published the work Essai de theodicée sur la bonté de Dieu, la liberté de l’homme...
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