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Modern Kazakhstan

Image and Realities


Edited By Aydar Amrebaev, Hans-Georg Heinrich, Ludmilla Lobova and Valikhan Tuleshov

Against the backdrop of its mineral wealth, Kazakhstan has been touted a Central Asian tiger state. In contrast to most other Central Asian countries, it was able to evade civil war and large-scale bloodshed and to assume a leadership position which won international recognition and respect. At the same time, the country could not evade the global financial crisis and its human rights record is far from being immaculate. This volume analyses the economic, political and social dynamic of modern Kazakhstan as seen by insiders and Western experts. Their opinions converge on the assumption that there are hard times ahead but that Kazakhstan has the potential to weather the storm.


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Aygul´ Solov´eva, The Civil Society is an Indicator of Democratic Progress and an Effective Partner of the Government Concerning the Country’s Social Modernization Processes


Formation story: Since its first years of independence Kazakhstan has adopted a course to build a state in which the civil society plays the most important and significant role. The degree of development reflects the progress made in the field of democratic reforms, and the non-govern- mental sector which is a full participant in this process, serves as a dis- tinctive indicator of occurring changes. NGO activities cover a wide range of social problems, as called-for by the society and also individu- als. October 2000 can be considered the official date of the political recognition of citizens’ associations (NGOs) in Kazakhstan, when Presi- dent N. Nazarbaev in his message to the people of Kazakhstan “To- wards a free, effective and secure society” mentioned the term NGO (non-governmental public organization). In this message it was pointed out for the first time that „non-governmental public organizations already today play a great role in Kazakhstan, both in law-enforcement and reali- zation of special group interests of the population and social stabilization of the society“. In his message „On main issues of domestic and foreign policy for the year 2003“the President gave a direct order: „The government also has to initiate the development of a law on the status and rights of NGOs“. As a primary issue in the field of “state-building and democratization of the society” “the legal introduction of a mechanism of state social order for services of non-governmental organization” was designated. Those basic principles and governmental policies to support non-gov-...

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