Image and Realities
Edited By Aydar Amrebaev, Hans-Georg Heinrich, Ludmilla Lobova and Valikhan Tuleshov
Aygul´ Solov´eva, The Civil Society is an Indicator of Democratic Progress and an Effective Partner of the Government Concerning the Country’s Social Modernization Processes
Formation story: Since its first years of independence Kazakhstan has adopted a course to build a state in which the civil society plays the most important and significant role. The degree of development reflects the progress made in the field of democratic reforms, and the non-govern- mental sector which is a full participant in this process, serves as a dis- tinctive indicator of occurring changes. NGO activities cover a wide range of social problems, as called-for by the society and also individu- als. October 2000 can be considered the official date of the political recognition of citizens’ associations (NGOs) in Kazakhstan, when Presi- dent N. Nazarbaev in his message to the people of Kazakhstan “To- wards a free, effective and secure society” mentioned the term NGO (non-governmental public organization). In this message it was pointed out for the first time that „non-governmental public organizations already today play a great role in Kazakhstan, both in law-enforcement and reali- zation of special group interests of the population and social stabilization of the society“. In his message „On main issues of domestic and foreign policy for the year 2003“the President gave a direct order: „The government also has to initiate the development of a law on the status and rights of NGOs“. As a primary issue in the field of “state-building and democratization of the society” “the legal introduction of a mechanism of state social order for services of non-governmental organization” was designated. Those basic principles and governmental policies to support non-gov-...
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