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Comparing Selected Modern Methods of Teaching English to Young Learners


Katarzyna Rokoszewska

The book presents the process of first and second language acquisition in children as well as the main principles of conventional and unconventional approaches and methods implemented in the general education as well as the language education of children. The long-term quantitative study described focused on the comparison of the results obtained by young learners taught English according to the Helen Doron Method in private courses and the results gained by young learners instructed according to the modern eclectic method at public primary school. The results were compared in such language areas and skills as vocabulary, grammar, language chunks, pronunciation, listening skill, speaking skill and a general level of language acquisition.


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Chapter IV The research project 161


161 CHAPTER FOUR THE RESEARCH PROJECT The present chapter provides a detailed account of the long-term, quantitative study aimed at comparing two modern methods of teaching English to young learners by specifying research procedures, describing research results and in- terpreting the results. Research results are presented in detail in the case of the 6-year-old subjects and in general in the case of the 7- and 8-year-old subjects. 4.1 Research procedures 4.1.1 Aims of the research The aim of the study was to compare selected modern methods of teaching Eng- lish to young learners in various aspects of foreign language acquisition. The study focused on the comparison of two methods. The first method was the eclectic method, which represented a modern approach to English instruction used at the lower-primary level in public schools. It was based on the Audio- Lingual Method (ALM), Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), Total Physical Response (TPR) and Storytelling. The second method was The Helen Doron Method (HDM) used at private courses at HD Centres throughout Poland. Although till the time of the study HDM had been used in Poland for a number of years and had become quite popular, the comparison of this method with modern school instruction had not been carried out before. In order to explore this issue, a long-term participatory pre-experimental study was conducted in groups of young learners at the Helen Doron Centre and in one of the primary schools in Częstochowa. More specifically, the aim of the research was to investigate...

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