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Promoting Non-Animal Protein Sources in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Interdisciplinary Study

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Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari

The research results point to the need of sustaining plant protein sources to large populations in sub-Saharan Africa that have no access to meat. Proteins are essential components of the human body and therefore indispensable for human life. Malnutrition and diseases are often caused because of the lack of sufficient proteins. Since animal sources of protein are out of reach to more than 85% of the people of sub-Saharan Africa, the challenge is to make protein otherwise accessible, available and affordable to the ordinary man. Owing to the influence of climate change and population explosion, the situation at discussion will exacerbate within the coming decade. Therefore non-animal protein must be brought into focus in order to prevent major diseases of malnutrition.

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New non-animal protein products for human consumption in sub-Saharan Africa (Salifa Kamwagha) 27

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NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Salifa Kamwagha University of Malawi, Malawi Introduction Background information South Africa, Botswana, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya and Nigeria are some of the richest countries that comprise the sub-Saharan African region. Some protein sources for these countries include red meat, fish, and vegetable protein. Other countries within this region, Malawi and Somalia, etc., are very poor with a narrow protein bases, consequently animal protein sources are very expensive. Protein consumption for the years 1971 and 1995 has declined in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Future global needs for protein especially among the developing countries are likely to grow even higher due to rapid population growth. In the near future, these countries will inhabit the majority of the world’s population; unfortunately the economies are slow growing and deficiency in protein for human diets are still on the increase. This presses for other cheap sources of protein. Soya beans are the one of the cheapest and complete source of proteins and essential amino acids, which can solve the problem of inadequate protein in human diets. The nutritional status of the population of most developing countries in Africa including Malawi is generally poor. This is evidenced by high prevalence of malnutrition and morbidity, because of nutritional disorders and mortality rate among infants, children and women. These are powerful indicators of nutritional status of a community and a nation (GoM, 2000). A well nourished person participates actively in everyday activities thereby contributing to the productivity of...

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