An Interdisciplinary Study
Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari
New non-animal protein products for human consumption in sub-Saharan Africa (Salifa Kamwagha) 27
NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Salifa Kamwagha University of Malawi, Malawi Introduction Background information South Africa, Botswana, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya and Nigeria are some of the richest countries that comprise the sub-Saharan African region. Some protein sources for these countries include red meat, fish, and vegetable protein. Other countries within this region, Malawi and Somalia, etc., are very poor with a narrow protein bases, consequently animal protein sources are very expensive. Protein consumption for the years 1971 and 1995 has declined in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Future global needs for protein especially among the developing countries are likely to grow even higher due to rapid population growth. In the near future, these countries will inhabit the majority of the world’s population; unfortunately the economies are slow growing and deficiency in protein for human diets are still on the increase. This presses for other cheap sources of protein. Soya beans are the one of the cheapest and complete source of proteins and essential amino acids, which can solve the problem of inadequate protein in human diets. The nutritional status of the population of most developing countries in Africa including Malawi is generally poor. This is evidenced by high prevalence of malnutrition and morbidity, because of nutritional disorders and mortality rate among infants, children and women. These are powerful indicators of nutritional status of a community and a nation (GoM, 2000). A well nourished person participates actively in everyday activities thereby contributing to the productivity of...
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