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Promoting Non-Animal Protein Sources in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Interdisciplinary Study

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Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari

The research results point to the need of sustaining plant protein sources to large populations in sub-Saharan Africa that have no access to meat. Proteins are essential components of the human body and therefore indispensable for human life. Malnutrition and diseases are often caused because of the lack of sufficient proteins. Since animal sources of protein are out of reach to more than 85% of the people of sub-Saharan Africa, the challenge is to make protein otherwise accessible, available and affordable to the ordinary man. Owing to the influence of climate change and population explosion, the situation at discussion will exacerbate within the coming decade. Therefore non-animal protein must be brought into focus in order to prevent major diseases of malnutrition.

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Neglected and under-utilized pulse legume crops as potential source of protein of Lamwa County, Kitgum District (Uganda) (Frank Olwari) 69

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NEGLECTED AND UNDER-UTILIZED PULSE LEGUME CROPS AS POTENTIAL SOURCE OF PROTEIN OF LAMWA COUNTY, KITGUM DISTRICT (UGANDA) Frank Olwari Makerere University, Uganda Abstract There is a great diversity of edible plants in the tropics; however, the majority are neglected (FAO, 1988, Plotkin, 1988, and Laird, 1999). Many pulse legumes are either cultivated or collected from the wild as a protein source for human food and livestock feed. Little has been done to promote the conservation of the pulse legume genetic diversity (CIRAD, 2004). In East Africa, the common species cultivated are jack beans, cowpeas, pigeon peas, winged beans, cluster beans, and hyacinth beans. Pulse legumes are considered as one of the under- utilized crops of Africa and remain as an important food crop for millions of people in sub-Sahara Africa. The intimidating challenge today is to produce enough pulse legumes to meet the growing demands for its products. This study considers pulse legumes as one "neglected or under-utilized” crops, whose potentials of providing enough food for the increasing population of poor people on the continent cannot be under looked. Key words: Pulse legumes and neglected or under-utilized. Introduction Food security Food insecurity remains one of the major problems of modern Africa, where famine continues to threaten peace and stability. For thousands of years, Africans have depended mostly on their fruits, root/tuber, legumes and cereal crops for their subsistence. However, due to the decline and total neglect of their production on the continent, they were once regarded as "neglected or under-...

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