Cross-National Academic Perspectives
Edited By Marek Kwiek and Andrzej Kurkiewicz
Introduction: Academic Responses to the Modernisation Agendaof European Universities. Andrzej Kurkiewicz and Marek Kwiek
Introduction Academic Responses to the Modernisation Agenda of European Universities Andrzej Kurkiewicz and Marek Kwiek The modern university in Europe over the last two centuries has been closely linked to the nation-state. With the advent of globalisation, and its pressures on nation-states, universities are increasingly experiencing a de-linking from the traditional needs of the nation-state (and from its financial resources). In Europe, the overall social and economic answer to globalisation has been a strengthening of European integration. European universities, as well as the governments of EU member states, find it useful to refer to new transnational strategies in rede- fining the role(s) of educational institutions under both globalisation and Euro- peanisation. Consequently, the last decade has given rise to substantially new ways of thinking about universities at the level of the European Commission in the European Union. Emergent EU educational policies were becoming increas- ingly influential as the university reform agenda was being viewed as part of the wider Lisbon strategy reforms, and recently, as part of the Europe 2020 strategy. The EU member states – national governments – were not only adopting the Lisbon strategy but also the social and economic concept of the university im- plied in it and consistently developed in subsequent official documents of the European Commission. The EU member states, for the first time in the more than fifty year history of the European Union, needed to balance their educa- tional policies between the requirements of new policies strongly promoted by the EU and the requirements...
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