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The Modernisation of European Universities

Cross-National Academic Perspectives

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Marek Kwiek and Andrzej Kurkiewicz

The recent decade brought about new ways of thinking about universities. European-level educational policies became increasingly influential as the agenda of university reforms was viewed as part of greater Lisbon strategy reforms. National governments adopted the economic concept of the university consistently developed in subsequent official documents of the European Commission. The EU member states currently need to balance their educational policies between the requirements of policies promoted by the EU and the requirements of their national systems. Additionally, the national educational policies are under high pressure due to globalisation. European universities and European academics operate in the midst of these large-scale changes. Their interpretations of and their responses to what is termed «the modernisation agenda of European universities» are at the core of this volume.

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Chapter 4: External and Internal Sources of Financing for Universities.The Practice of Good Governance. Maria Hulicka

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Chapter 4 External and Internal Sources of Financing for Universities. The Practice of Good Governance Maria Hulicka Introduction The globalisation of the economy and its knowledge-based transformation brings with it a set of challenges and a series of consequences. In order to cater for the needs of the unrelenting changes in society, a certain blending of educa- tion and academic research needs to take place at universities, along with the transfer of knowledge to the economy, based to an ever greater degree on high technologies. Awareness of this fact is also widespread in a Europe striving to defend the idea of the need to realise the Lisbon strategy. On 19th July this year, the European Commission announced that as part of the 7th Framework Pro- gramme (FP7 – the largest research programme running from 2007 to 2013 and with a total budget of 53 million euro) it was designating 7 billion euro for re- search contributing to the development of modern technologies to solve Eu- rope’s greatest problems. These are especially: climate change and energy secu- rity, including ways to make better use of energy; an ageing society; provision of public transport; and the growing need for healthy food (www.ec.europa.eu). At the IMUA international conference in Vancouver in late 2009, devoted to university management in a time of globalisation, one of the greatest challenges facing universities was identified as being the need to make them innovative. At a seminar run by HUMANE in 2008, the president of Maastricht University, in an...

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