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The Modernisation of European Universities

Cross-National Academic Perspectives


Edited By Marek Kwiek and Andrzej Kurkiewicz

The recent decade brought about new ways of thinking about universities. European-level educational policies became increasingly influential as the agenda of university reforms was viewed as part of greater Lisbon strategy reforms. National governments adopted the economic concept of the university consistently developed in subsequent official documents of the European Commission. The EU member states currently need to balance their educational policies between the requirements of policies promoted by the EU and the requirements of their national systems. Additionally, the national educational policies are under high pressure due to globalisation. European universities and European academics operate in the midst of these large-scale changes. Their interpretations of and their responses to what is termed «the modernisation agenda of European universities» are at the core of this volume.


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Chapter 10: The “Global Strategy” 2007 – 2011: The ExternalAttractiveness of the EHEA and Its Internal Uneasiness. Pavel Zgaga


Chapter 10 The “Global Strategy” 2007 – 2011: The External Attractiveness of the EHEA and Its Internal Uneasiness Pavel Zgaga International “attractiveness” and “competitiveness” have been high on the list of European higher education priorities for a long time. After years of discus- sion, the London summit of the Bologna Process adopted the strategy “The Eu- ropean Higher Education Area in a Global Setting” (Global Strategy 2007) on the issue. The aim of this chapter is to investigate its implementation during the first few years. It has only been four years; there has certainly not been enough time for substantial developments in this area. Furthermore, there is not much sound data yet. The most important data sources are reviews and reports pre- pared for the Leuven / Louvain-la-Neuve (2009) and Budapest-Vienna (2010) conferences, or in parallel with them, but there has not been much other research on the topic. We will employ a combined approach using both the reviews pre- pared within the Bologna Process as well as the external (or “independent”) ones to draw some conclusions. The chapter has been accomplished in November 2011 and does not take into account outcomes of the Bucharest (2012) confer- ence. The “global dimension” and the Bologna Process self-reflected Since 2005, “Bologna stocktaking reports” have been regularly prepared by the Bologna Follow-up Group (BFUG) for the biannual ministerial conferences. These reports provide analyses of developments in the priority areas between two conferences; and end with individual “scorecards” for each country as well as with...

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