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A Model of Human Motivation for Sociology

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Jacob Alsted

Many macro-sociologists have insufficient understanding of the roots of human motivation and this seriously hampers the effort to build theoretical models of society, social organisations and social change. The aim of this work is to remedy this deficiency. In this book, a model of motivation is constructed in order to demonstrate how it can improve our understanding of society. The aim here is an integration of concepts from psychology and sociology. Furthermore, it is the aim to clearly demonstrate that such a model adds new insights to our understanding of society. It can enrich key concepts used for analysis of meso- and macro-level phenomena. The author argues that the model of motivation can increase our understanding of, on the macro-level, the history of the state and, on the meso-level, dynamics in organisations.

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List of Tables I 9 List of Figures I u Acknowledgements 13 1 Introduction I 15 The Argument of This Work I 16 Is It Valid to Search for a Basic Human Motivation? I 20 Refining the Agent - Structure Analysis I 24 The Divisions of Micro, Meso and Macro Levels I 29 The Basic Questions to a Model of Motivation I 32 2 Macro-Level Problems I 35 The Structure of Society I 35 The Source of the Structures I 37 The Problem of Ultimate Primacy I 39 Social Change on the Macro-Level: Evolution I 42 Macro-Sociological Measures of Social Change I 44 Ranking Societies I 46 The Driving Force I 48 Macro-Level Theory and Motivation I 50 3 Meso-Level Problems I 51 The Structure of Organisations I 51 Structure as Formal Structure I 52· 6 A Model of Human Motivation for Sociology Structure as Informal Structure I 53 Structure as Motivational Structure I 57 The Direction and Character of Organisational Change 58 A Measure of Change in Organisations I 59 Ranking Organisations I 61 Development of Organisations Over Time I 62 4 A Model of Motivation: Towards a Better Founding of Macro and Meso Level Theory I 65 What Are the Dimensions of a Model of Motivation? I 65 The Basic Motivation of the Psyche: Three Views I 67 Personality as Biological Heritage I 68 Personality as Relations I 72 Personality as Existence I 78 Are the Three Different Views Compatible? I 81 The Basic Motivations I 93 A...

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