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A Model of Human Motivation for Sociology

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Jacob Alsted

Many macro-sociologists have insufficient understanding of the roots of human motivation and this seriously hampers the effort to build theoretical models of society, social organisations and social change. The aim of this work is to remedy this deficiency. In this book, a model of motivation is constructed in order to demonstrate how it can improve our understanding of society. The aim here is an integration of concepts from psychology and sociology. Furthermore, it is the aim to clearly demonstrate that such a model adds new insights to our understanding of society. It can enrich key concepts used for analysis of meso- and macro-level phenomena. The author argues that the model of motivation can increase our understanding of, on the macro-level, the history of the state and, on the meso-level, dynamics in organisations.

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8. Conclusion 205

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CHAPTER 8 Conclusion The argument of this book has been that sociology can learn from psychology. Such learning, however, requires a "translation" of the psychological concepts into the field of sociology. Such a translation has been performed here. The basic argument is that all social entities such as groups, organisations, institution and societies are col- lective compromise formations. This means that they are governed by the regularities of psychological defence. In Chapters 2 and 3 it was argued that the concepts used for analysis of macro and meso levels of society need to be developed further. Individual, organisational and societal life is lived under the influence of unconscious dynamics. Unless we under- stand these, we cannot fully understand social life. The structure of the two chapters contained an indirect point: the fundamental aspects of the organisational and soci- etallevels are largely identical and they can be described on the same dimensions. The aim of the present chain of arguments is to make us more aware of these unconscious dynamics and to develop a framework for understanding them. This framework consists of four elements: -A model of motivation (Chapter 4) - Establishing a connection between individual psychology and collective psychology (Chapter 5) - Sketching patterns in meso-level collective psychology (Chapter 6) -Sketching patterns in macro-level collective psychology (Chapter 7) In Chapter 4 the different parts of a motivational model were put together. These parts consist of an outline of the basic motivators of human beings, the structuring of these motivators in...

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