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The Iconic Turn in Education


Edited By András Benedek and Kristof Nyiri

Some twenty years after the term iconic turn has been coined, and with a deluge of digital images, videos and animations surrounding, indeed invading, the learning environment, it appears that educational science, and the everyday practice of education, still very much labour under the impact of the past dominance of alphabetic literacy. But while educators clearly need to retain a measure of conservatism, maintain an acute sense for the logic of the written text and preserve the ability to handle extended hardcopy documents, they have to rise to the task, also, of exploiting the potentials of online networked communication, the constant presence of images, both static and moving, and the continuous interplay of words and images.


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Time and Biography: Folk Visual Metaphors: James E. Katz – Daniel Halpern


110 Ágnes Veszelszki Figure 8: Dialogue letter Here it is really conspicuous how a series of brief, rapidly formulated, writ- ten sentences can achieve avoiding misunderstandings, and maintain a level of emotional coherence, by using emoticons. Some lines earlier I noted that emo- ticons do not, generally, enter into the realm of official communications. It is an intriguing question whether this state of affairs might not change. Further re- search in the subject, then, may indeed deal with the connections between emoti- con use, printed advertisement and official exchanges. Time and Biography: Folk Visual Metaphors James E. Katz – Daniel Halpern Introduction The theme of The Second International Conference on Visual Learning, Buda- pest 2011, was “Development – Discovery – Design”. Our comments are direct- ed primarily to the second thematic leg of this triad, “discovery”, and stem from an interest in the pictorial turn in philosophy. The aim here is to expand upon path-breaking research by Rudolf Arnheim in the field of visual thinking with particular reference to the concept of time. We use his tools, as well as a student survey, to explore folk visual metaphors of the concept of time and relate them to an individual’s psychological and sociological characteristics, that is, in a sense, to personality and culture. The Pictorial Turn Our line of work grows in part out of an inquiry into the so-called “pictorial turn” in philosophy. In contrast to the “linguistic turn” of analytical philosophy, the pictorial turn is more controversial, and arguably more complex. Even...

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