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Why is Norway Outside the European Union?

Norwegian National Identity and the Question of European Integration


Gamze Tanil

This book introduces identity politics into the analysis of international relations. Through the usage of identification approaches, combined with an extensive presentation of the specific features of Norwegian nation-building, it offers a lucid account of how Norway’s history and culture shape the prism through which many Norwegians view the merits of their country’s relations with the emerging European Union.


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This book would not have been possible without the financial support and critical encouragement of a large number of people. This manuscript has been a long time in the making and I have benefited enormously from different institutions. To start with, the University of Oslo ARENA Centre for European Studies provided valuable research atmosphere at the initial stage of this research in 2002; and Professor John Erik Fossum highly contributed by his useful comments on the early stages of this research. The University of Liverpool generously funded my research visits to Norway which contributed to my understanding of the subject. I am extremely grateful for the support, patience, and critical encouragement of Professor Lee Miles who read and discussed the entire manuscript several times. I would also wish to thank Karlstad University Department of Political Science for their providing valuable insights and discussions at the final stage of the proc- ess. I have benefited enormously from many presentations and discussions with Associate Professor Hans Lödén and Associate Professor Curt Räftegård, Dean of the Faculty of Social and Life Sciences. Finally, I would like to thank Istan- bul Arel University for funding the publication of this book. While it would be impossible to thank each and every one individually, I would like to extend my special thanks to my family and friends for their never ending support.

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