Eileen M. Daily: Formation of Catholic Religious Educators in the United States
325 Eileen M. Daily Fo r m a t i o n o f Ca t h o l i c Re l i g i o u s E d u ca to r s i n t h e U n i t e d S ta t e s H i s t o r y & C o n t e x t T h e H i s t o r y o f C a t h o l i c i s m a n d C a t h o l i c E d u c a t i o n i n t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s Catholicism was practiced by a small portion of the U.S. population until the immigration waves in the 1800s. The Irish arrived fleeing the famine. Working class Poles, Germans, and later Italians arrived to fuel the Industrial Revolution. Catholics were often discriminated against and oppressed by the Protestant landed class. Because of dis- crimination in the public schools, Catholics built many parish-based elementary schools and a variety of secondary schools, colleges, and universities to educate their own in a safe context. This education sys- tem helped Catholics raise their status in the society, in both business and politics. 326 Eileen M. Daily In recent decades, new waves of Catholic migrants from South and Central America, Africa, Vietnam, and the Philippines have ar- rived but the...
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