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The Training of Imams and Teachers for Islamic Education in Europe

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Edited By Ednan Aslan and Zsofia Windisch

Following 9/11 and the growth of religiously legitimated violence in Islamic countries, the focus of public discussion moved to imams and teachers of religion as actors supporting Muslim isolation and the lack of willingness to integrate – imams became central figures in the debate on Islam. With great enthusiasm, politicians discovered them to be the scapegoats of a failed integration of Muslims in Europe. Integrated imams trained in Europe were to promote Muslim integration, prevent violence, resolve contradictions between society and Muslims and further Islamic enlightenment. With this objective an attempt was made, on the one hand, to rediscover the existing institutions for imam training in Balkan states and, on the other hand, to establish new educational institutions at European universities to train Europe-compliant imams. Due to their central role in the lives of Muslims, the training of imams and teachers of religion is given an important role in the process of Muslim integration.

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Eileen M. Daily: Formation of Catholic Religious Educators in the United States

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325 Eileen M. Daily Fo r m a t i o n o f Ca t h o l i c Re l i g i o u s E d u ca to r s i n t h e U n i t e d S ta t e s H i s t o r y & C o n t e x t T h e H i s t o r y o f C a t h o l i c i s m a n d C a t h o l i c E d u c a t i o n i n t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s Catholicism was practiced by a small portion of the U.S. population until the immigration waves in the 1800s. The Irish arrived fleeing the famine. Working class Poles, Germans, and later Italians arrived to fuel the Industrial Revolution. Catholics were often discriminated against and oppressed by the Protestant landed class. Because of dis- crimination in the public schools, Catholics built many parish-based elementary schools and a variety of secondary schools, colleges, and universities to educate their own in a safe context. This education sys- tem helped Catholics raise their status in the society, in both business and politics. 326 Eileen M. Daily In recent decades, new waves of Catholic migrants from South and Central America, Africa, Vietnam, and the Philippines have ar- rived but the...

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