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The Digital Turn: User’s Practices and Cultural Transformations

Edited By Pille Runnel, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Piret Viires and Marin Laak

By combining the analysis of the new forms and environments of the digital world with critical scholarship of the role of the users, this book argues that cultural field is facing a challenge of the digital turn. The digital turn hereby implies that changes in the use and application of digital technology bring on changes in practice and in the relationships between cultural institutions and audiences. We approach the changes in society from the structural (institutional) as well as from the agential (audiences, users, individuals) perspective. The authors represented in this book share the view that there is no need to fear the new media pushing aside traditional cultural forms, acknowledging at the same time that the scope of this cultural change is far from understood.


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Changing Users of Memory Institutions. Krista Lepik


61 Changing Users of Memory Institutions Krista Lepik PhD Student University of Tartu Librarian University of Tartu Library Struve 1, 50091 Tartu, Estonia 1. Introduction In 1822, Auguste Comte was positive about inventing a strategic plan of scien- ti� c work to help society on restoring stability, harmony, and eventually, pros- pering. Coming to consensus, for illuminated men of his time, couldn’t be an issue, wouldn’t it? To this day, “social physics” has been developing, bringing about numerous theories and debates on society, concerning its different aspects and problems. Trying to describe and analyse another order: post-modern society, post-industrial society, information society, risk society, global society etc., nu- merous novel opportunities and threats are articulated. There is still a commonal- ity that binds all different theories: it is encompassing changes or transformations, if you like to call it that way. Looks like never ever the change has been so rapid, ground-shaking, advancing or global. It fact, all these different theories actually try to grasp just one world, our life-world. Therefore, attempting to take into ac- count major changes that have formed society and its inhabitants in the digital age, this article aims to explore and analyse transformations in memory institu- tions that could also be meaningful for the users of the latter. It should be done with precaution though, as it is complicated to establish surely what “new ideas, values or processes are genuine turning points in social history” (Bell 8). In order to avoid confusion, some of...

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