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The Digital Turn: User’s Practices and Cultural Transformations

Pille Runnel, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Piret Viires and Marin Laak

By combining the analysis of the new forms and environments of the digital world with critical scholarship of the role of the users, this book argues that cultural field is facing a challenge of the digital turn. The digital turn hereby implies that changes in the use and application of digital technology bring on changes in practice and in the relationships between cultural institutions and audiences. We approach the changes in society from the structural (institutional) as well as from the agential (audiences, users, individuals) perspective. The authors represented in this book share the view that there is no need to fear the new media pushing aside traditional cultural forms, acknowledging at the same time that the scope of this cultural change is far from understood.

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Solitude in Cyberspace. Piret Viires

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236 Anne Kaun Williams, Raymond. Culture and Society: 1780-1950. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983. Print. Zackariasson, Maria. “Lust eller plikt? Motiv för politiskt engagemang bland utomparla- mentariskt aktiva unga.” (Pleasure or Duty? Motivs for Political Engagement among Non-Parliamentarian Active Youth.) Tidsskrift för Ungfomsforskning 8.1 (2008): 31-48. Print. ––. Viljan att förändra världen: Politiskt engagemang hos unga i den globala rättviserörelsen. (The Will to Change the World: Political Engagement among Young People in the Global Justice Movement.) Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2006. Print. Anne Kaun, PhD, works as Researcher and part-time Lecturer at the School of Culture and Communication at Södertörn University, Stockholm. During her PhD studies she has been enrolled in BEEGS – Baltic and East European Graduate School. She has pub- lished on solicited, open-ended online diaries and civic experiences of young Estonians. 237 Solitude in Cyberspace Piret Viires Professor Tallinn University Estonian Literary Museum Narva mnt 25 Tallinn, 10120 viires@eki.ee Virve Sarapik Professor Estonian Academy of Arts Estonian Literary Museum Roosikrantsi 6 Tallinn, 10119 virve@eki.ee 1. Introduction The relationship between literature and cyberspace has attracted the attention of literary researchers since the 1980s, when the � rst works of digital or electronic literature appeared. Digital literature, broadly, is literature that has been created by and is read on the computer. The Electronic Literature Organization has suggested the following de� nition of electronic literature: “work with an important literary aspect that takes advantage of the capabilities and contexts provided...

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