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National Higher Education Reforms in a European Context

Comparative Reflections on Poland and Norway

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Edited By Marek Kwiek and Peter Maassen

This book addresses the following research questions: What are the main transformations in European higher education? How do these transformations affect the national higher education systems of Norway and Poland? How do European-level higher education policy processes affect national higher education policies in Norway and Poland, especially in the areas of funding and governance? Europe and the two countries are the units of analysis, with different authors choosing different research foci and different disciplinary approaches.

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Introduction: Changes in Higher Education in European Peripheries and Their Contexts: Poland, Norway, and Europe. Marek Kwiek and Peter Maassen

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Introduction Changes in Higher Education in European Peripheries and Their Contexts: Poland, Norway, and Europe Marek Kwiek and Peter Maassen 1 This book is an output of an intensive Norwegian-Polish research collaboration extended over a period of two years (2009-2011). The following research questions were addressed in this collaboration: What are the main transformations in European higher education? How do these transformations affect the national higher education systems of Norway and Poland? How do European-level higher education policy processes affect national higher education policies in Norway and Poland, especially in the areas of funding and governance? Europe and the two countries were units of analysis, with different authors choosing different research foci and different disciplinary approaches. This introductory chapter presents selected research themes relevant to national and European contexts and provides an overview of individual contributions. It focuses first on transformations of higher education in Central Europe in general, and Poland in more detail. In general higher education in Central Europe, Poland included, is one of those social areas that have been exposed to various reform attempts following the collapse of communism in 1989. Reforms in the region throughout the two decades were intended, implicitly or explicitly, to bring Central European academics and students back into what was regarded to be the European higher education community of academics and students. Reform attempts were led by specific, regional post-communist concerns inspired by national higher education developments observed in Western Europe. Clearly national and regional reference points in reforms were accompanied by...

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