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National Higher Education Reforms in a European Context

Comparative Reflections on Poland and Norway


Edited By Marek Kwiek and Peter Maassen

This book addresses the following research questions: What are the main transformations in European higher education? How do these transformations affect the national higher education systems of Norway and Poland? How do European-level higher education policy processes affect national higher education policies in Norway and Poland, especially in the areas of funding and governance? Europe and the two countries are the units of analysis, with different authors choosing different research foci and different disciplinary approaches.


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Chapter 8: Europeanization of the Education Function of Universities: Preliminary Comparison of Norway and Poland. Martina Vukasović


Chapter 8 Europeanization of the Education Function of Universities: Preliminary Comparison of Norway and Poland Martina Vukasović Introduction The change dynamics of higher education in Europe has been increasingly of interest to both researchers and policy makers alike. One indication of this development is the increasing scholarly attention focused on the development of a new policy arena on the European level (Corbett 2003, 2005, Gornitzka 2009, 2010) and the emergence of a new multi-level multi-actor governance arrangement for higher education. The other indication is the proliferation of different EU policy instruments expected to support the changes in higher education systems and institutions, both in their education and in their research function. This includes funds allocated through the Lifelong Learning Programme (including Erasmus Mundus), framework programs for research, and the establishment of the European Research Council etc. The participation in these programs and the eligibility for some of these funds are not always limited to EU Member States; on the contrary, some of these funds are specifically targeting the so-called third countries and there are of course special agreements with the European Economic Area (EEA). The primary role in shaping of such European policies, however, is reserved for the member states alone. Yet, not all are equally successful in uploading their preferences to the European level, hence the identification of pace-setters, fence- sitters and foot-draggers (Börzel 2003). While a member state can be a pace-setter in one policy area, it can also be a foot-dragger in another, i.e. interest and...

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