The Europe that was Lost – Thoughts on Central and Eastern European Modernism
10. Back in Budapest. Mihály Munkácsy, Endre Ady, Hungarian Symbolism, and the City at the Danube
398 and state. Simultaneously the Slovakian demands were met with arrests, harass- ments, dismissals, and imprisonments of Slovakian activists. Catching great international attention the massacre in the village of Černová just outside Ružomberok on the slopes of the Tatra Mountains in October 1907 became a kind of an anti-climax, while it also became the starting shot of the notorious right-wing fascist movement led by Father Andrej Hlinka. A Roman Catholic church sponsored and built by the villagers was supposed to be inau- gurated by Father Hlinka, the priest of Ružomberok temporarily forbidden to carry out his duties. The parishioners appealed to Bishop Sándor Párvy, an ardent Hungarian nationalist, to revoke the “exclusion from service”, but the bishop pro- hibited Father Hlinka to participate, even though he gave his permission to the ceremony itself. The parishioners, according to Jozef Lettrich, deeply insulted, decided to postpone the inauguration, while the bishop persisted in his decision. When Hlinka arrived to the village, a Hungarian military force started shooting at the assembled villagers killing fifteen of them and arresting as many.1090 Hun- garian ethno-nationalism had showed how far is was prepared to go to, as it was put, defend the Hungarian people and the vital interests of the Hungarian nation against irredentist, revolutionary tendencies. The sacred crown of Saint Stephen would be defended at all costs. 1090 Lettrich 1955, p. 38-39. 399 10. Back in Budapest Mihály Munkácsy, Endre Ady, Hungarian Symbolism, and the City at the Danube...
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