Cultural and Regional Studies- In Collaboration with Sevinj Bakhysh and Izabella Horvath
Edited By Rahilya Geybullayeva
Part 5: Archetypes in New Transformation or Fan-fiction
Part 5 Archetypes in New Transformation or Fan-fiction 209 Dostoevsky’s Underground Man as a Literary Archetype in Postmodern Literature Hatice Övgü Tüzün (Turkey) Although it is hard to mark a definitive moment when the anti-hero came into existence as a literary type, Dostoevsky’s Underground Man is undoubtedly one of the most memorable characters in this category. “In the literary work on Notes from the Underground, the protagonist is always called Underground Man (pod- pol’nyj chelovek), as if he were an archetypal entity, rather than “the narrator,” an accepted literary convention of the Icherzihlung” (Matlaw 1958: 101). Gene- rally speaking, the term Underground Man” refers to a condition of being margi- nalized, self-effacing, and to a large extent antisocial. The defining feature of the Underground Man is his “hyperconsciousness” that results from his intelligence and sensitivity on the one hand, and his pathological dislike of action on the other. He is described as “the anti-thesis of the normal man, for example, he is a man of heightened awareness, who has, of course, emerged not from the womb of Nature but from a test-tube,” (Dostoyevsky 1972: 21). He is moreover an incurable skeptic, paralyzed by his overanalysis of everything in life. A spiteful misanthrophe, the Underground Man avoids commitment to pursue individual freedom but, ironically, often finds the burdens of freedom hard to bear. All in all, he is a man of several contradictions doomed to suffer eternally from the burdens of his consciousness. In contemporary literature, Dostoevsky’s Underground Man...
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