Beiträge zur Übersetzungs- und Dolmetschwissenschaft (Köln/Germersheim)
Edited By Barbara Ahrens, Silvia Hansen-Schirra, Monika Krein-Kühle and Michael Schreiber
John W. Stanley: Translation – Interpretation: A Phenomenological Analysis of Some Distinguishing Characteristics from the Vantage Point of Translational Hermeneutics
29 John W. Stanley Translation – Interpretation: A Phenomenological Analysis of Some Distinguishing Characteristics from the Vantage Point of Translational Hermeneutics “[Q]uestions about how we can know what really happens are an inevitable part of a dis- cipline’s formative years. To fully appreciate the merits and drawbacks of the available approaches, we apparently require more research into research, i.e., efforts to validate the relevance of our methodologies and to avoid counterproductive or misleading ones.” (Shlesinger 2000, 13) “Die Zeitstruktur des Sprechens und des Lesens stellt ein weithin unerforschtes Prob- lemgebiet dar.“ (Gadamer 1986, 256) 1 Translation Process Research, Introspection, and Translation Studies in Germany Process-based research in the field of translation studies in Germany – while perhaps no longer in its infancy – is still quite young. Its short life span is in part a consequence of the product-based orientation of translation studies in its early years, in as much as this distracted from any interest in cognitive processes. Yet there is more to it than that: The difficulties inherent in process-based research were and still are daunting. Even if one does not share the frequently expressed “doubt” concerning our ability to gain “direct access to these [cognitive] processes” (Nisbett 1977: 238)1, expressions such the “possibility cloud” (Hönig 1997: 58) or the “black box” (Ahrens 2010: 237), used by scholars involved in process-based research to describe the cognitive processes underlying linguistic mediation, give a fairly accurate first impression of the obstacles one faces when trying to raise many of these...
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